18 Aralık, 2007

Andrei Rublev ve Yunan Theophanes

   Sinemanın sanatsal bir değeri varsa, kuşkusuz bunu sağlayan kişilerin başında Tarkovski geliyor. O ve onun gibi nadir örnekler sayesinde, sinemanın insanların "eğlenme" ihtiyaçlarını gidermeleri için bir araç olmadığını kavrayabiliyoruz.

   Andrei Rublev ile ilgili yorum yapacak düzeyde görmüyorum kendimi. Tarkovski'nin, muhtemelen yönetmenlerin en büyüğünün, çektiği filmlerin içinde benim en "sevdiğim" olanı Andrei Rublev'den bir alıntıdır aşağıdaki. Aşağıdaki diyaloğun Türkçe'sini toplu halde herhangi bir internet sitesinde bulamadım. Filmin altyazı dosyasını bulup oradan kopyalayabilirdim belki ancak şimdilik İngilizce'sini koyuyorum. Aşağıdaki diyalogu en yakın zamanda Türkçe'ye çevirip koyacağım buraya.


Theophanes:    Tell me honestly, are the people ignorant or not? Well, are they?

Andrei Rublev:    They're ignorant, but whose fault is that?

Theophanes:    It's their own stupidity. Did you ever sin through ignorance?

Andrei Rublev:    Everyone has.

Theophanes:    And I have too. God forgive us and make us better. Well, never mind. The Last Judgement is coming; we'll burn like candles. Mark my words. Each will accuse the other of his own sins, to defend himself.

Andrei Rublev:    Theophanes, how can you paint with such ideas, even accept praise? I have become a hermit and lived in a cave.

Theophanes:    I serve God, no man. As regards praise, what is praised today is abused tomorrow. They will forget you, me, everything. All is vanity and decay. Humanity has achieved every stupidity and baseness... and now it only repeats them. Everything is an eternal cycle. If Jesus returned to earth, they would crucify him again.

Andrei Rublev:    Of course, if only evil is remembered... then you will never be happy in the sight of God. Perhaps we must forget some things; but not all. I don't know how to say it.

Theophanes:    Then be quiet and listen to me.

Andrei Rublev:    You think that one can only do good alone?

Theophanes:    Good. Remember the New Testament. Jesus taught people in the temples... so why did they gather later? To kill him! "Crucify him!", they shouted. And the disciples? Judas sold him. Peter denied him. They all ran away, yet they were the best.

Andrei Rublev:    But the repented.

Theophanes:    That was afterwards, when it was too late.

Andrei Rublev:    Of course people do evil. Judas sold Christ, but who bought him? The people? The scribes and the Pharisees could not find witnesses to testify against this innocent. The Pharisees were masters of deceipt, educated. They had studied to gain power, take advantage of the people's ignorance. We must remind people more often that they are people. Rus, of the same blood, of the same land.

   Evil is everywhere. Someone will always sell you for thirty pieces of silver. New misfortunes constantly befall the peasant... either Tatars, or famine, or plague... and he still keeps on working... meekly bearing his cross. He does not despair. He is silent and patient. WHe only prays to God for enough strength. How could God not forgive him his ignorance?

   You know yourself. You're tired and discouraged... and suddenly in the crowd you meet a human glance... and everything's lighter. As is is after the communion. Isn't it so?

   You just spoke of Jesus. Perhaps he was born and crucified to reconcile God and man. Jesus came from God; so he is all powerful. And if he died on the cross, it was pre-determined... and his crucifixion and death were God's will. That would have aroused hate in those who loved him. If they had been near him at that moment... if they loved him as a man only. But if He, of his own will, left them... He displayed injustice or even cruelty.



- Kaynak.

- Film incelemesi.


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